Lok Sabha discussed and passed the Commercial Courts, Commercial Division and
Commercial Appellate Divisions of High Courts (Amendment) Bill today. It amends
the Commercial Courts Act, 2015 that was enacted to fast track the disposal of
high value commercial disputes (above rupees one crore), by establishing
commercial courts at the district level, and commercial divisions and
commercial appellate divisions in high courts.
The Bill reduces this monetary jurisdiction of commercial courts from
one crore rupees to three lakh rupees.
of the issues that were raised during the discussion was that there will be an
increase in the number of cases transferred to commercial courts due to a lower
monetary threshold. Some argued this transfer of commercial disputes above
three lakhs may lead to overburdening the commercial courts The question of
increased vacancy of judges and its impact on pendency of cases was raised to
question the efficacy of this Bill.
following graph illustrates how pendency in judicial cases has increased:
know more about the status of pendency of cases and judge vacancies in High
Courts and subordinate courts, refer to our vital stats here.
Lok Sabha has been functioning smoothly so far in the session, Rajya Sabha lost
time due to frequent interruptions this week.